• Annual energy production of hydropower plants

    Many African countries, especially in the Sub-Saharan region, highly depend on hydropower, which is one of the energy sources most affected by droughts. At the same time, hydropower has a huge impact on water consumption (mainly through evaporation from reservoir surfaces) in comparison with other fuel types despite having higher densities of plants and installed capacities. Hydropower accounts for 15% of Africa’s energy production. This map shows the location and annual energy production (GWh/year) of hydropower plants with an installed capacity above 5MW in Africa for year 2016.


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