• Land Fragmentation

    Habitat fragmentation occurs when natural habitat is broken up by non-natural land uses. For this layer, land fragmentation is expressed as the Natural Land Cover Pattern Index (NLPI), which classifies natural or semi-natural landcover into six spatial pattern classes: core, edge, perforation, islet, margin, and core-opening. Natural landcover pixels from Climate Change Initiative Land Cover (CCI-LC) raster maps are classified as ‘core’ habitat. Non-natural land cover pixels within core habitat are classified as ‘core openings’ as these represent openings from within natural habitat. External interfaces between core and non-natural landcover are classified as ‘edges’ (i.e. exposed to outside-in habitat loss pressures), while internal interfaces between core and core-openings are classified as ‘perforations’ (i.e. exposed to inside-out habitat loss pressure). Collections of isolated natural landcover pixels that are too small to contain core habitat are classified as ‘islets’, while similarly small collections of pixels are classified as ‘margins’ when they are connected to core habitats.


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