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Biomes

Biomes are distinct biological communities (collection of plants and animals) that have formed in response to a shared physical climate. They are distinguished by characteristic temperatures and amount of precipitation. This map shows the geographic distribution of the eleven major terrestrial biomes found in Africa (out of 14 worldwide). It shows that the same biome can occur in geographically distinct areas with similar climates. Annual precipitations, fluctuations in precipitation and temperature variation (on a daily and seasonal basis) are important abiotic factors influencing the geographic distribution of a biome and the vegetation type in the biome.


GOAL 15: Life on land


Other SDGs


Climate Change Natural Resources Biodiversity & Wildlife Forests Food and Agriculture Agroecology


Source: EC-JRC

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Biomes protection levels
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Biomes protection levels

Biomes are distinct biological communities (collection of plants and animals) that have formed in response to a shared physical climate. The 11 major terrestrial biomes found in Africa (out of 14 worldwide) are partially covered by Protected Areas. This map shows the percentage of areas protected in each of the terrestrial biomes. For example: in 2020, 12,3% of montane grasslands and shrublands in Africa were covered by Protected Areas.


GOAL 15: Life on land


Other SDGs


Climate Change Natural Resources Biodiversity & Wildlife Protected Areas & Ecological Networks Food and Agriculture


Source: EC-JRC

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