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INFORM Risk Index: Vulnerable groups

Understanding why and where humanitarian disasters are likely to occur is a fundamental step in saving lives and promoting sustainable development. Refugees, internally displaced persons and returnees are among the most vulnerable people in a humanitarian crisis. Considered as pandemics of low- and middle- income countries, HIV-AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria add to the vulnerability of their populations. As part of the INFORM Risk Index (global risk assessment for humanitarian crises and disasters), this layer presents a vulnerable groups categorisation for each country. It captures the risk related to social groups with limited access to social and health care systems. The risk score ranges from 0-10, where 10 is the highest risk.

RCoE Action:

INFORM. 2020. INFORM Risk Index 2021. INFORM is a collaboration of the Inter-Agency Standing Committee Reference Group on Risk, Early Warning and Preparedness and the European Commission. The European Commission Joint Research Centre is the scientific lead of INFORM.


The INFORM Risk Index is a composite index, which is a simplified view of reality. Therefore, it should be used in conjunction with other sources of information. Methodology and detailed discussion of limitations are available at:

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